Civil Construction Services: Common Types and Uses of Formwork

10 July 2023

Explore common formwork types and their uses in civil construction services. Optimize efficiency and precision in your projects. Learn more today!

Formwork refers to temporary or permanent moulds or structures utilised to support and shape poured concrete until it reaches the desired strength and form of the project. It can be made from wood, steel, aluminium, or other materials. Using these materials can help the formwork withstand the weight of the wet concrete and the pressure exerted by the compacting tool.

Once the concrete has hardened, the formwork is removed and reused or recycled for future projects. This specific component can ensure that the final structure will be strong and durable.

Common Types of Formwork

Different types of formwork can be maximised by construction companies and contractors. Some of these types are as follows:

• Traditional Formwork–Traditional formwork takes advantage of timber to create the mould or framework. It is a widely used method for small to medium-sized construction projects. The timber is easily accessible, inexpensive, and easy to work with, but it has a limited lifespan and needs to be replaced after a certain number of uses.

• Engineered Formwork – Engineered formwork is prefabricated and available in a variety of materials such as steel, aluminium, and plastic. It is the most used formwork method for larger and more complex construction projects. Engineered formwork provides a high degree of accuracy and reduces the labour required on-site. It is more expensive than traditional formwork, but its durability and reusability make it cost-effective in the long run.

• Insulated Formwork – Insulated formwork involves the use of a sandwich panel system with thermal insulation properties. It is commonly used for building walls and roofs. Insulated formwork has a quick installation time and provides excellent energy efficiency and comfort in buildings. However, it is more expensive than othertypes of formworks.

• Stay-In-Place Formwork – Stay-in-place formwork, ultimately, is a prefabricated system left in place after the concrete has hardened. It is used for building columns, beams, and walls. This type of formwork offers a high level of accuracy and reduces labour on-site. It also reduces the amount of waste generated on-site and has a lower environmental impact.

Key Formwork Applications

Some notable applications and uses of formwork are the following.

• Foundations:Formwork can be used to create the foundation of a building. Foundations are critical for the stability and safety of a building, and proper formwork is essential to ensure the accuracy and strength of the foundation.

• Walls:Another use of formwork is to create the walls of a building. The walls provide the framework and structure for the building and support the floors and roof.

• Columns:Formwork is likewise utilised to create the columns of a building. Columns provide support to the structure of a building and carry the load from the floors and roof.

• Beams:Formwork can be, ultimately, used to create the beams of a building. Beams are critical for the structural integrity of a building and provide support to the floors and roof.

Formwork is an essential part of construction that plays a critical role in ensuring the stability and safety of a building. The accuracy and strengthof this specific component are critical for the stability and safety of the structure and its accompanying elements.

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